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15L.Maria 加速朝東北前進

簽到天數: 1781 天

[LV.Master]伴壇終老

2017-9-14 20:32 | 顯示全部樓層
  五級颶風  
編號:15 L
名稱:Maria

  基本資料  
擾動編號日期:2017 09 14 20
命名日期  :2017 09 17 05
撤編日期  :2017 00 00 00
登陸地點  :多米尼克
       波多黎各 亞武科阿

  巔峰時期資料  
近中心最強風速 :150 kt
海平面最低氣壓 :908 毫巴

  過去路徑圖  
15L-Maria.png
  擾動編號資料  
96L.INVEST.20kts.1012mb.8.5N.33W

20170914.1145.goes-13.vis.1km.96L.INVEST.20kts.1012mb.8.5N.33W.100pc.jpg

NHC:20%
1. A tropical wave located about 800 miles southwest of the Cabo Verde
Islands continues to produce widespread showers and thunderstorms.
Environmental conditions are expected to be conducive for gradual
development of this system, and a tropical depression could form
early next week while it moves westward at around 15 mph across the
tropical Atlantic.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...20 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...medium...60 percent.

two_atl_2d1.png

以上資料來自:NHC、台灣颱風論壇整理製作

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參與人數 1水氣能量 +15 收起 理由
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[LV.9]以壇為家II

霧峰追風者|2017-9-15 16:37 | 顯示全部樓層
NHC展望提高至40%。
1. A tropical wave located about 1200 miles east-southeast of the
Lesser Antilles continues to produce disorganized showers and
thunderstorms.  Environmental conditions are expected to be
conducive for gradual development, and a tropical depression is
likely to form early next week.  Interests in the Lesser Antilles
should closely monitor the progress of this system while it moves
westward to west-northwestward at about 15 mph.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...medium...40 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...80 percent.
two_atl_2d1 (1).png


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霧峰追風者|2017-9-16 06:35 | 顯示全部樓層
NHC 展望提高至70%。
1. Showers and thunderstorms associated with a tropical wave located
about 1100 miles east of the Windward Islands have become better
organized since yesterday.  Environmental conditions are conducive
for development, and a tropical cyclone is expected to form over
the weekend.  Tropical storm or hurricane watches could be issued
for portions of the Lesser Antilles on Saturday, and interests
in those islands should closely monitor the progress of this system.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...high...70 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...90 percent.
two_atl_2d1 (2).png rbtop-animated (8).gif


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周子堯@FB|2017-9-16 10:27 | 顯示全部樓層
本帖最後由 周子堯@FB 於 2017-9-16 10:33 編輯

NHC展望提升至 80%(High)
1. Showers and thunderstorms associated with a tropical wave located
a little more than 1000 miles east of the Windward Islands are
showing signs of organization.  Environmental conditions are
conducive for additional development, and a tropical cyclone is
likely to form during the next day or so while the system moves
westward or west-northwestward around 20 mph.  Interests in the
Lesser Antilles and northeastern Caribbean should closely monitor
the progress of this system.  Tropical storm or hurricane watches
could be issued for portions of the Lesser Antilles on Saturday.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...high...80 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...90 percent.

two_atl_2d1.png

rbtop_lalo-animated.gif

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[LV.9]以壇為家II

霧峰追風者|2017-9-16 23:33 | 顯示全部樓層
NHC 升格"潛在熱帶氣旋15L",逐漸增強,趨向背風群島。
ZCZC MIATCDAT5 ALL
TTAA00 KNHC DDHHMM

Potential Tropical Cyclone Fifteen Discussion Number   1
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL152017
1100 AM AST Sat Sep 16 2017

Satellite images indicate that the area of low pressure located
several hundred miles east of the Lesser Antilles has become better
organized with curved banding features now better established.
Since there is still no indication of a well-defined center and
because tropical storm watches have been issued for portions of
the Leeward Islands, NHC has initiated advisories on this system as
a potential tropical cyclone.  The initial wind speed is estimated
to be 30 kt based on a blend of the Dvorak classifications from TAFB
and SAB.

The initial motion estimate is 280/19, but this is uncertain due to
the lack of a clear center.  A slower west-northwestward motion is
expected during the next several days as a mid-level ridge to the
north of the system weakens but remains nearly stationary.  The NHC
track forecast takes the system across the Leeward Islands in a few
days and then near the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico by the end of
the forecast period.  It should be noted that confidence in the
track and forward speed of this system is low due to the spread in
the models and the current lack of a well-defined center.

The disturbance is expected to be in environmental conditions
conducive for strengthening during the next several days as the
shear is expected to be 10 kt or less while the cyclone moves over
warm 29 deg C SSTs.  These conditions should allow for at least
steady strengthening, and the models unanimously show that trend.
The NHC intensity forecast is conservative for now, but does show
the system becoming a tropical storm later today and a hurricane by
the time it reaches the Leeward Islands.

KEY MESSAGES:

1. The disturbance is expected to intensify and will likely bring
tropical storm and hurricane conditions as well as flooding
rainfall to portions of the Lesser Antilles early next week. These
conditions could also spread into the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico
by mid week. Interests in these areas should monitor the progress
of this system and follow any advice given by local officials.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  16/1500Z 12.2N  50.5W   30 KT  35 MPH...POTENTIAL TROP CYCLONE
12H  17/0000Z 12.8N  52.8W   35 KT  40 MPH...TROPICAL STORM
24H  17/1200Z 13.6N  55.1W   40 KT  45 MPH
36H  18/0000Z 14.3N  56.9W   50 KT  60 MPH
48H  18/1200Z 15.0N  58.6W   60 KT  70 MPH
72H  19/1200Z 16.3N  61.3W   75 KT  85 MPH
96H  20/1200Z 17.6N  64.0W   80 KT  90 MPH
120H  21/1200Z 18.7N  67.3W   80 KT  90 MPH

$$
Forecaster Cangialosi

NNNN
145528_5day_cone_no_line_and_wind.png rbtop-animated (11).gif


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霧峰追風者|2017-9-17 06:16 | 顯示全部樓層
NHC 21Z命名"Maria",命名報強度45kt,目前巔峰上看三級颶風( 105kt ),又要影響背風群島。
000
WTNT45 KNHC 162038
TCDAT5

Tropical Storm Maria Discussion Number   2
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL152017
500 PM AST Sat Sep 16 2017

Satellite images indicate that the system located several hundred
miles east of the Lesser Antilles has become much better organized
throughout the day.  The low-level center of circulation is now
well defined, and banding features have become better established in
all quadrants.  The initial wind speed is increased to 45 kt, in
agreement with a Dvorak classification from TAFB.  This makes the
system a tropical storm, Maria becomes the thirteenth named storm
in the Atlantic basin this season.

Maria is moving quickly westward at 17 kt on the south side of a
mid-level ridge.  This ridge is expected to remain in place but
weaken some, which should cause Maria to move west-northwestward at
a progressively slower pace through the forecast period.  The
models are in fair agreement, and the NHC official track forecast
is closest to the HCCA model.  This forecast takes the core of
Maria near the Leeward Islands in 48 to 72 hours, and close to the
Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico in about 4 days.

The tropical storm is located within conducive environmental
conditions of low wind shear, high amounts of moisture, and over
warm 29 deg C SSTs.  Since these conditions are not expected to
change much, steady or even rapid strengthening is likely during the
next 3 to 4 days.  Slight weakening is predicted by the end of the
forecast period due to some land interaction and a slight increase
in wind shear.  The NHC intensity forecast is raised significantly
from the previous one to come into better agreement with the latest
guidance.

KEY MESSAGES:

1. Maria is expected to strengthen and affect portions of the
Leeward Islands as a hurricane early next week, bringing dangerous
wind, storm surge and rainfall hazards.  Hurricane and tropical
storm watches have been issued for portions of the Lesser Antilles,
and additional watches will likely be issued tonight and Sunday.

2. Maria could also affect the British and U.S. Virgin Islands and
Puerto Rico by mid week as a dangerous major hurricane, and
hurricane watches could be issued for these islands as early as
Sunday.  Interests in these areas should monitor the progress of
Maria and follow any advice given by local officials.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  16/2100Z 12.3N  52.6W   45 KT  50 MPH
12H  17/0600Z 13.0N  54.5W   55 KT  65 MPH
24H  17/1800Z 13.9N  56.6W   65 KT  75 MPH
36H  18/0600Z 14.6N  58.3W   70 KT  80 MPH
48H  18/1800Z 15.2N  59.8W   80 KT  90 MPH
72H  19/1800Z 16.5N  62.7W   95 KT 110 MPH
96H  20/1800Z 17.9N  65.5W  105 KT 120 MPH
120H  21/1800Z 19.5N  68.6W   95 KT 110 MPH

$$
Forecaster Cangialosi
204552_5day_cone_no_line_and_wind.png avn-animated (2).gif

同時北大西洋又再次出現三旋共舞局面...
two_atl_0d0.png


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[LV.9]以壇為家II

蜜露|2017-9-17 12:12 | 顯示全部樓層


背風群島又有危險了 , 瑪莉亞強度未來被受看好 .

gfs_mslp_wind_15L_17.png


hwrf-p_satIR_15L_15.png



點評

沒什麼印象 西太和大西洋 差這麼多...以往西太誕生的地區一直有很強垂直風切  發表於 2017-9-17 19:51
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霧峰追風者|2017-9-18 07:46 | 顯示全部樓層
飛機時測升一級颶風,巔峰上看三級颶風上限。
ZCZC MIATCDAT5 ALL
TTAA00 KNHC DDHHMM

Hurricane Maria Discussion Number   6
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL152017
500 PM AST Sun Sep 17 2017

A burst of deep convection developed over Maria's center since the
last advisory and has continued to expand in size.  The Air Force
Hurricane Hunter aircraft investigating the cyclone found maximum
flight-level winds of 63 kt and SFMR surface winds of 64 kt.  The
crew also noted the formation of an open eyewall.  Based on these
data and observations, Maria is upgraded to a 65-kt hurricane.


The initial motion remains west-northwestward, or 283/13 kt.  Maria
is expected to maintain this trajectory for quite some time, but it
will likely slow down during the next 36 hours as it approaches the
Lesser Antilles.  Overall, the track guidance is tightly clustered
for the entire 5-day forecast period, which increases confidence in
the NHC track forecast.  The updated official forecast is slightly
south of the previous one for the first 36 hours, mainly due to the
update of the initial position found by the aircraft, but it is
right along the previous track after 36 hours.  This solution is
between the GFS and ECMWF models and very close to the HCCA
solution.

The aircraft data indicate that Maria has a compact circulation,
which could make it a prime candidate for significant
intensification in an environment of low shear and warm SSTs.
Rapid intensification indices are not especially high, but
nonetheless, Maria is forecast to continue strengthening and
potentially reach major hurricane by 48 hours.  If that occurs,
some fluctuations in intensity could occur due to eyewall
replacements and land interaction, but Maria will likely remain as
a major hurricane on days 3 through 5.  Because of Maria's small
size the chance of significant strengthening is higher, and the NHC
intensity forecast is near the high end of the guidance, closest to
the HWRF and HCCA models.

KEY MESSAGES:

1. Maria has strengthened to a hurricane and could be near major
hurricane intensity when it affects portions of the Leeward Islands
over the next few days, bringing dangerous wind, storm surge and
rainfall hazards.  Hurricane and tropical storm warnings have been
issued for portions of the Leeward Islands, and these warnings will
likely be extended northward and westward tonight or on Monday.

2. Maria is likely to affect the British and U.S. Virgin Islands and
Puerto Rico by mid week as a dangerous major hurricane.  Hurricane
watches have been issued for the U.S. and British Virgin Islands and
could be extended to Puerto Rico tonight or early Monday.  Interests
in these areas should monitor the progress of Maria and follow any
advice given by local officials.


FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  17/2100Z 13.8N  57.5W   65 KT  75 MPH
12H  18/0600Z 14.3N  59.0W   75 KT  85 MPH
24H  18/1800Z 15.1N  60.5W   85 KT 100 MPH
36H  19/0600Z 15.8N  61.8W   95 KT 110 MPH
48H  19/1800Z 16.5N  63.1W  105 KT 120 MPH
72H  20/1800Z 17.8N  65.8W  110 KT 125 MPH
96H  21/1800Z 19.0N  68.5W  110 KT 125 MPH
120H  22/1800Z 21.0N  71.0W  105 KT 120 MPH

$$
Forecaster Berg

NNNN
205956_5day_cone_no_line_and_wind.png rgb-animated (7).gif avn-animated (4).gif

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